from learning english, this is the economics report.
international economists say they are hopeful about africas economy. they say economic growth on the continent will increase by as much as five or six percent over the next two years. that would be the continents highest growth rate since the worldwide economic recession in 。
economic experts say the growth is partly because governments have established policies inviting to foreign investors. they say increased trade among african nations is also growing the continents economy. and the experts say the growth is widespread. they made the observations in the african economic outlook report.
the african development bank, the united nations development program and the oecd development center produced the report together. angela lusigi is a u. n. development program economist and policy adviser for africa.
a lot of people think growth in africa, they think the only driven by mineral wealth or oil-exporting countries, but we find now the report that even countries that are not resource rich are still growing effectively. this is mainly because of their agricultural sector but also growth in services [including tourism] and a little in manufacturing, said lusigi.
the report says africas top foreign trade partner is europe. about 40 percent of african trade is with european nations. 25 percent is with asian countries and about 12 percent is with north america.
from learning english, this is the agriculture report.
climate researchers met recently in cameroon to talk about threats to africas land and animals. they said they believe the continent may lose as much as 30 percent of its animal and plant species by the end of this century. they blame the expected losses on the warming of earth, population growth and unrestricted development.
the researchers represent 20 african, american and european universities. they say countries south of the saharan desert are losing forest faster than any place on earth. wood companies are cutting down trees to meet growing demand from china, europe and the united states.
the population is growing at 3 percent per year. there are now homes, factories and farms on land that once was forest. many african animals and plants no longer have a place to live as result. climate change also continues to threaten species.
thomas smith is the director of the center for tropical research at the university of california.
with a 1.5 degree rise in global temperature, africa may lose 30 percent of its animals and plants. and unfortunately with the increase in co2 that has been now estimated to be up to three degrees in terms of rising global temperatures -- that means we may lose 40 percent of all mammal species in africa by the end of the century, said smith.
the african chimpanzee is one such animal at risk. mary katherine gonder is a professor in the department of biology at drexel university in philadelphia, pennsylvania.
directions: in this section, you will hear 8 listening exercises. each of the exercises contains 10 short conversations. at the end of each conversation, one question will be asked about what was said. both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. after each question there will be a pause. during the pause, you must read the four choices marked a), b), c), and d), and decided which is the best answer.
1. a) at the office. b) home in bed. c) on his way to work. d) away on vacation.
2. a) in the hospital. b) at a store. c) in the classroom. d) at a bank.
3. a) in a plane. b) in a car. c) at a shop. d) on a farm.
4. a) in the street. b) at home. c) on the phone. d) at an office.
5. a) at a ticket office. b) in a bookstore. c) in an architect’s office. d) at a train station.
6. a) at a school. b) at a bank. c) at a post office. d) at a bus station.
7. a) england. b) here. c) france. d) germany.
8. a) in a train. b) in a theater. c) in a supermarket. d) in a classroom.
9. a) at a post office. b) at a party. c) at a flower shop. d) in the street.
10. a) in a museum. b) in a cinema. c) in a restaurant. d) in a hospital.
1. a) travel agency clerk. b) office secretary.
c) youth hostel manager. d) hotel receptionist.
2. a) a traffic guard. b) an author.
c) a salesman. d) a student.
3. a) his wife. b) a travel agent staff.
c) a waiter. d) a hotel clerk.
4. a) he is a plumber. b) he is a telephone operator.
c) he is a salesman. d) he is an electrician.
5. a) colleagues. b) husband and wife.
c) employer and employee. d) mother and son.
6. a) he is a librarian. b) he is a professor.
c) he is an accountant. d) he is a reporter.
7. a) he’s a secretary. b) he’s a novelist.
c) he’s a newspaperman. d) he’s a worker.
8. a) librarian and student. b) operator and caller.
c) boss and secretary. d) customer and repairman.
9. a) a math teacher and his colleague. b) a teacher and his student.
c) a student and his classmate. d) a librarian and a student.
10. a) a student. b) a teacher.
c) a doctor. d) an eye-doctor.
from learning english, this is the technology report.
there are increasing calls for lawmakers to reconsider 永信贵宾会 copyright laws that protect the owners of 3-d printing designs. but there is also concern that extensive laws could suppress new ideas. 3-d printers have spread from scientific labs to industrial workshops to private homes. and prices of 3-d printers continue to drop.
designers demonstrate a large number of different machines at 3-d print shows. there are models that can produce complex copies of human organs. there are less costly 3-d printers that make toys for children or parts for home electrical devices.
one german automaker recently demonstrated an example of a car structure printed in one piece. and a chinese manufacturer advertised a house created in a 3-d printer.
with the help of computer, almost anyone can print exact copies of many kinds of objects. but they also violate the law in doing so.
julie samuels is a lawyer with the civil liberties group, electronic frontier foundation. she says people should be careful about what they create when using 3-d printers.
if a certain design that you want to print is covered by 永信贵宾会 copyright, then if you print that you are infringing, arguably, someones 永信贵宾会 copyright, said julie samuels.
but 3-d companies are concerned about passing more restrictive 永信贵宾会 copyright protection laws. they think these laws could place bans on the rights of citizens. they also believe restrictive 永信贵宾会 copyright laws could suppress technological invention.
how did thanksgiving turkey get its name?
the u.s. thanksgiving holiday is symbolized by its traditional food, a large bird we call a turkey. but turkey is certainly not from turkey.
in fact, its english name is based on one big mistake. we could say it is a case of mistaken identity.
let’s set the record straight.
the word “turkey” has meant “the land of the turks” since ancient times. the word “turkey” as it refers to the bird first appeared in the english language in the mid-1500s.
the misunderstanding over the word happened because of two similar-looking kinds of birds.
there is an african bird called the guinea fowl. it has dark feathers with white spots and a patch of brown on the back of its neck. portuguese traders brought the guinea fowl to europe through north africa.
this foreign bird came to europe through turkish lands. so, the english thought of the bird as a “turkish chicken.”
when europeans came to north america, they saw a bird that looked like the guinea fowl. this bird was native to the north american continent.
orin hargraves is a lexicographer, someone who writes dictionaries. hargraves explains what happened.
“some europeans saw an american turkey, thought that it was the guinea fowl, which at that time was called the ‘turkey cock,’ and so gave it the same name."
hundreds of years later, we continue to call this north american bird “turkey,” even though it has no connection at all with the country turkey, or even with europe.
but english is not the only language with interesting -- and even questionable -- names for this north american bird.
the turkish, for their part, call turkey “hindi,” the turkish name for india. the reference to india probably comes from the old, wrong idea that the new world was in eastern asia.
the french call it “dinde,” a name that also connects the bird to india. “d’inde” means “from india” in the french language. “turkey” has similar names in several other languages.
so, what do they call this north american bird in india? well, in the hindi language, “turkey” is “tarki.”
but wait, there’s more. in portuguese, the same bird is called “peru,” after the south american nation.
thanks to our voa learning english facebook friends, we have a few more names for “turkey” to share with you.
the vietnamese word for the bird is “gà ty” or western chicken. our facebook friend nguyen duc explains that “local chicken is smaller than western chicken.”
a facebook friend in myanmar explained that the burmese word for “turkey” is “kyat sin.” the name translates to “elephant chicken” in english.
“that animal looks like a big chicken,” zaw myo win explained.
the dari language name for the bird, "fel murgh" also translates to “elephant chicken.”
abdulla kawer explained to us that “here in afghanistan this name represents the size of this delicious meal.” he adds that he thinks the descriptive name “elephant chicken” is “better than a country name.”
i’m ashley thompson.
words in this story
symbolize - v. to represent or express a particular idea or quality
translate - v. to change words from one language into another language
israeli and palestinian negotiators announced tuesday that they have agreed to an extended ceasefire after seven weeks of deadly fighting in gaza.
the ceasefire took effect at 7 p.m. local time 。 palestinian authority president mahmoud abbas announced the truce from his headquarters in the west bank city of ramallah.
egypt organized the truce. it calls for israel to ease its blockade of gaza. the agreement will permit shipments of humanitarian aid and building materials for repair and reconstruction in gaza. the two sides will continue talks about israels demand that hamas militants surrender their weapons.
the united states said it strongly supports the truce.
over 2,000 palestinians, mostly civilians, and more than 60 israelis were killed in the almost two month long conflict.
belarus meeting fails to end fighting in ukraine
ukraines president petro poroshenko and russias president vladimir putin met in the belarusian capital, minsk, tuesday. they failed to reach agreement about the conflict in eastern ukraine.
mr. poroshenko said the conflict would end with a secure border for ukraine. he said there must be a block to transports of arms from russia to the rebels.
mr. putin demanded that russia be permitted to meet with the rebels and supply humanitarian aid.
cambodian opposition gets parliamentary commissions